Mumbai (previously known as Bombay until 1996) is a natural harbor on the west coast of India, and is the capital city of Maharashtrastate. It is India's largest city, and one of the world's most populous cities. It is the financial capital of India. The city is the second most-populous in the world. It has approximately 14 million people. Along with the neighboring cities of Navi Mumbai and Thane, it forms the world's 4th largest urban agglomeration. They have around 19.1 million people.
The seven islands that form Bombay were home to fishing colonies. The islands were ruled by successive kingdoms and indigenous empires before Portuguese settlers took it. Then, it went to the British East India Company. During the mid-18th century, Bombay became a major trading town. It became a strong place for the Indian independence movement during the early 20th century. When India became independent in 1947, the city was put into Bombay State. In 1960, following the Samyukta Maharashtra movement, a new state of Maharashtra was created with Bombay as the capital. It was renamed Mumbai in 1996.
Mumbai generates more than 6% of India's GDP. It accounts for 25% of industrial output, 40% of sea trade, and 70% of capital transactions to India's economy. The Reserve Bank of India, the Bombay Stock Exchange, the National Stock Exchange of India and many Indian companies and multinational corporations are in the city. It also has the Hindi film and television industry, known as Bollywood.
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Free sample essay on A Visit to a Metro City. I visited Mumbai during the summer vacation. My uncle lives there. Mumbai is one of the major metro cities in India. It is the capital of Maharashtra. It is one of the densely populated cities in India. It is a coastal city. It is located on the western coast of India. It is the centre of film production. It is also called the commercial capital of India.
Mumbai is located in the moderate climate zone. Climate here is pleasant throughout the year. It is neither too cold nor too hot. Even during the time when the entire north India is reeling under severe heat, the weather of Mumbai is pleasant. Particularly on the beach it is all the more enjoying. Juhu Beach is crowded. Due to this climatic condition, Mumbai has been made the centre of film-making.
Mumbai is known for skyrocketing buildings. There are thirty-storeyed, forty-storeyed buildings in Mumbai. The buildings are well supplied with water, electricity and other basic amenities of life. Electricity supply is very good in Mumbai. There is no problem of power-cut as we see in other cities. The transport system of Mumbai is well-regulated. There is discipline in public life. The whole city is connected by rails or roads. The local train service in Mumbai is very fine. There is train for different commercial destinations at a gap of every few minutes. Despite overcrowding there is discipline and decency in public life. People—either literate, semi-literate or illiterate—follow the rules of traffic and general rules and laws as well.
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Mumbai is a big centre of trade and commerce. People here are very sincere and hard working. They go to their workplace in time and work with sincerity and devotion. Mumbai is a big centre of textile industry. During my visit I saw people working on loom. Even ladies and children were working.
Mumbai has many tourist destinations. I along with my cousin visited Church Gate, Victoria Terminus, Juhu Beach, and many others. Beautiful buildings add to the beauty of the city. There are big shopping malls and shopping complexes in Mumbai. We did a lot of shopping there. Shopping itself is a big enjoyment.
But there is an ugly face of Mumbai also. Mumbai has the biggest jhuggi in Asia. The people of low-income group live here. They live in wretched condition. One day I happened to pass through the jhuggis. I was shocked to see the conditions in which they live. It was a little better than the animals. In a small dingy room, on an average four-six members live. They are not provided with the basic amenities of life. They do not have accessibility to proper education and health care facilities. This depraved condition provide breeding ground for the emergence of anti-social elements.
I stayed for fifteen days in Mumbai. Except a few experiences, my visit to Mumbai was a delightful experience. I still relish those memories.